Bahawalpur is a city located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The history of Bahawalpur can be traced back to the early 18th century when the region was ruled by the Abbasi family, who were the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

The Abbasi family originally came from the city of Medina in present-day Saudi Arabia. They migrated to the Indian subcontinent in the 16th century and settled in the city of Harappa, which is now part of present-day Pakistan. In the early 18th century, the Abbasi family moved to the city of Uch Sharif, which was a major center of Islamic learning at the time.

In 1748, Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan I, the founder of the Bahawalpur state, established his rule over the region. He built a fort and a palace in the city of Bahawalpur, which became the capital of the state. The state of Bahawalpur was one of the largest princely states in British India and was ruled by the Abbasi family until the partition of India in 1947.

During the British Raj, the state of Bahawalpur was a major center of agriculture and was known for its cotton, wheat, and sugarcane production. The state also had a thriving textile industry and was famous for its silk and cotton fabrics. The rulers of Bahawalpur were known for their patronage of the arts and literature, and the state was home to many famous poets and writers.

In 1947, following the partition of India, the state of Bahawalpur joined Pakistan. The last Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, served as the Governor of West Pakistan after the state’s merger with Pakistan. The state of Bahawalpur was abolished in 1955, and the city of Bahawalpur became part of the province of West Pakistan.

Today, Bahawalpur is a bustling city with a rich cultural heritage. It is home to many historic landmarks, including the Abbasi Mosque, the Noor Mahal Palace, and the Derawar Fort. The city is also known for its Sufi shrines and is a major center of Islamic learning. The people of Bahawalpur are known for their hospitality and their love for food, music, and dance.