Derawar Fort is a magnificent structure located in the Cholistan Desert of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It is one of the most iconic landmarks of the region and an architectural masterpiece that has stood the test of time. In this article, we will discuss the history, architecture, and significance of Derawar Fort in detail.

History of Derawar Fort

The history of Derawar Fort can be traced back to the 9th century when it was built by a Hindu Rajput ruler named Rai Jajja Bhatti. The fort was later taken over by the Abbasi tribe of Baghdad, who ruled over the region for several centuries. In the 18th century, the fort was captured by Nawab Bahawal Khan, the founder of the state of Bahawalpur. The fort was then renovated and expanded by various Nawabs of Bahawalpur over the years.

Architecture of Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort is an impressive structure that covers an area of approximately 40,000 square meters. The fort is built in a square shape, with each side measuring 204 meters in length. It has 40 bastions, which are each 30 meters high and have a circumference of 50 meters. The fort is made of brick and clay, and its walls are decorated with beautiful blue tiles.

The main entrance of the fort faces east and is decorated with intricate carvings and calligraphy. The entrance leads to a spacious courtyard that has several rooms and buildings around it. The interior of the fort is decorated with beautiful frescoes and murals that depict scenes from the life of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur.

Significance of Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort is an important historical and cultural landmark of Bahawalpur. It is a symbol of the region’s rich history and architectural heritage. The fort has survived numerous invasions, wars, and natural calamities over the centuries, and its magnificent structure stands as a testament to the resilience of the people of the region.

The fort is also a popular tourist attraction and a source of pride for the people of Bahawalpur. Every year, thousands of tourists visit the fort to admire its beauty and learn about its history. The fort is also used as a venue for cultural festivals and events that showcase the rich culture of the region.

In recent years, the government of Pakistan has taken several initiatives to preserve and promote the fort as a tourist destination. The government has provided funds for the restoration and renovation of the fort, and has also built several tourist facilities in the vicinity of the fort.


Derawar Fort is a remarkable historical and cultural landmark of Bahawalpur that has stood the test of time. Its magnificent structure, intricate carvings, and beautiful frescoes make it a true architectural masterpiece. The fort is an important symbol of the region’s rich history and cultural heritage, and a popular tourist destination that attracts visitors from all over the world.